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The early treatment of gum diseases is tartar cleaning. At this stage, tartar and other harmful formations are formed from the teeth and gingival pockets. In more advanced cases, surgical interventions may be required. Regular tooth brushing and mouthwashes after the treatment are important for the continuation of the success of the treatment. Regular medical check-ups are also important in preventing the disease.


If bacterial plaque is allowed to accumulate below the teeth and gum line, this over time irritates the gums and leads to gum disease. It is very important to brush the teeth regularly and clean between the teeth in order to prevent gum diseases.

How does bacterial plaque cause gum disease? 

If the plaque that accumulates in your mouth is not cleaned, the bacteria produce toxins, which can irritate the gums and damage your teeth. The beginning of gum disease is gingivitis. This disease causes the gums to burn, swell and become sensitive. It also causes bleeding while brushing and flossing.



Who is at risk for gum disease?

Gum disease affects all age groups, including children. However, it is much more common in adults. 3 out of 4 people aged 35 and older either have or have had some form of gum disease.

Smoking and certain diseases increase the risk of developing gum disease. Therefore, you should inform your dentist about your general health condition.

What should I do in case of gingivitis?

It is possible to prevent gingivitis with proper oral care and regular visits to the dentist. The best way to prevent and cure the disease is to clean the bacterial plaque regularly. This may be possible with a two-step process of brushing your teeth with a soft brush and cleaning between your teeth. These two processes prevent bacterial plaque from accumulating on tooth surfaces and below the gum line. 
Gingivitis is not a chronic disease. It can be treated as it does not cause permanent damage to the bones that support the teeth.

What is periodontitis?

If gingivitis is not treated, it can cause a more serious disease, periodontitis. Periodontitis damages the gums and bones that support the teeth. It is not possible to cure periodontitis, the damage cannot be compensated, only a professional treatment program and a regular oral care at home can prevent the disease from getting worse. 
If you suffer from periodontitis, your dentist can prevent the spread and worsening of the disease with a special oral care program for you. It offers a range of oral care products such as rechargeable toothbrushes that periodontitis patients can safely use. Rechargeable toothbrushes have been clinically proven to remove more plaque than manual toothbrushes, and practicing advanced oral care is a crucial factor in controlling gum disease.

What are the symptoms of periodontitis?

Priodontitis may initially develop without visible symptoms. Therefore, it is very important to see the dentist regularly for early diagnosis of the disease. 

Common symptoms of periodontitis; red, swollen gums, gingival recession, tenderness of the gums, bleeding gums and intense pressure felt between the teeth.

In the advanced stages, gum recession, tooth root decay, inflammation between the teeth and gums, loosening of the teeth and tooth loss can be seen.


How do I prevent periodontitis?

  • You can prevent periodontitis with regular oral care - Here are some helpful tips:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day, morning and evening, with a soft-bristled brush and a fluoride toothpaste.

  • Daily clean the bacterial plaque between the teeth that your toothbrush cannot reach

  • Visit your dentist at least every six months for a checkup and cleaning

  • Do not smoke and tobacco

  • Dentists recommend replacing your toothbrush every three months or before if it is old. Clinical studies show that a new toothbrush removes more bacterial plaque than a 3-month-old toothbrush.

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